Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Bend It Like Beckham Review

The title of the film that was told to me to compose a film audit is tie It Like Beckman,'I an amicable ethnic games parody coordinated by Grinder Chad. â€Å"Bend It Like Beckman† is a British film co-supported with Germany. It was discharged in the UK in 2002 and in the United States in March 2003. It ended up being one of the unexpected hits of 2002, making over Ell million at the UK film industry, while additionally demonstrating famous with American and European crowds. Beckman is David Beckman, star of the Manchester United soccer am (and the spouse of one of the Spice Girls).The perception â€Å"nobody twists it like Beckman,† from which the title determines, clearly alludes to his capacity to bend the ball past the restricting goalkeeper. The story revolves around eighteen-year-old Jess, a persevering Indian young lady who cherishes British soccer star David Beckman and Jules, an English young lady who gets to know Jess after she watches her totally dominating a gathering of lashing youngsters playing soccer in the recreation center. Jess originates from an exceptionally severe Indian family where sex jobs are obviously characterized. Ladies are relied upon to figure out how to cook and are for their spouses, who are, obviously, expected to be the sole breadwinners.This may be fine for Jess' more established sister Pinky, anyway Jess has a drastically extraordinary vision of her own future, and it doesn't involve settling down and cooking the ideal chapatti. More than anything, she needs to join her venerated image on the football pitch, yet her folks will never acknowledge a football player for a little girl. Jess considers herself to be a female variant of her legend, David Beckman, contending in soccer as opposed to cooking for a satisfactory Indian man as custom directs. So Jess is compelled to conceal her enthusiasm from her adored home, even her sister Pinky, who is going to be hitched to her drawn out sweetheart Teeth.Jess is then f urtively joins Jules' serious ladies' soccer group which is the Winslow Harriers and is compelled to have a twofold existence so as to not frustrate her folks and still play the game for which she lives and relaxes. Escaping to practice and venturing out with the group to competitions puts a strain on her home life. She needs to deceive legitimize her nonattendance from home. To confuse matters, she ends up succumbing to her soccer mentor. Jess is the fundamental character in the film. She attempts to be a decent young lady for her other and father however can't resist sneaking Off to play football.While Jess needs to lie and sneak around a ton, her defiant streak isn't planned to hurt her folks. Jess' fantasy is to play football expertly, toward the start of the film it was only a fantasy, yet when she was welcomed on an appropriate group and began to consider herself to be a legitimate player, her fantasy began to turn into her objective. Jess has consistently been solid and decid ed in the film, with the exception of after some time she turns out to be progressively decided, and significantly more grounded. We see Jess conversing with Beckman toward the start of the film, and as she develops and tauter, she discovers she can have trust in other people.She discovers Jules and Joe who she believes she can trust in and talk uninhibitedly to. Jess additionally acquires certainty as she advances through the film, at fritterers could never fantasy about going up against her folks as she did toward the finish of the firm. Joe, Jules, Tony and her entire football crew bolster her in her objectives and she gets together increasingly more mental fortitude and confidence. An incredible case of her confidence gain is when Jess from the start wouldn't like to demonstrate her scar to the world, she shrouds it away and won't go onto the field in her shorts since everybody will see it.Joe converses with Jess and they security over their wounds, this causes Jess to feel prog ressively great with herself and understand that she may not be the one and only one and when she is on the field, nobody will mind. Before the finish of the film, Jess can go to bat for herself, share her Opinion and feel certain about herself. Curve it like Beckman is and generally speaking a decent firm and an astounding film for everybody to watch despite the fact that it is deficient in plot and exchange. It has a warm vibe great message of young lady force and breaking conventional hindrances yet it is unsurprising in its storyline.One thing that was an incredible advantage for the film was the vivid Punjabi culture and functions. Some may state ‘it's only a film' however I know from individual experience that a large number of youth face challenges in picking societies when living among two unique ones. From this film, the virtues that I've learn is right off the bat, regard. Jess was never insolent to her folks. Then again, it was her folks who were being ill bred to h er. They didn't take a gander at her for what her identity was, rather they just observed who they needed her to be. The subsequent virtue that gained from this film is caring.Jesses guardians committed error in their endeavors to parent their kids, yet they likewise had genuine quality. The quality was their fundamental and solid love for Jess. The issue was that they didn't take a gander at who Jess had become. They considered her to be they needed her to be. This caused Jess to hoodwink them however didn't do her any genuine harm on the grounds that, before it was past the point of no return, they saw what was imperative to their little girl and changed their position. Had they not done this, Jess would have needed to pick between her relationship with her folks and her fantasy to be a football player. That would have truly harm their relationship.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Conflict Is an Ever-Present and Ongoing Aspect of Peoples Lives Essay Example for Free

Struggle Is an Ever-Present and Ongoing Aspect of Peoples Lives Essay Struggle is an ever-present and progressing part of people groups lives Conflict is a ubiquitous piece of life paying little heed to time and spot. It has been in our lives since the time the beginning of our family, where they battle for endurance against nature. Struggle can be as basic as the interior clash of picking what we need to have for lunch, It can likewise be at an enormous scope like a worldwide war. Without the hardship we and experience we gain from it as an individual, life would be without a doubt exhausting and plain. People wouldnt have the option to gain directly from off-base, neither would they experience various circumstances and figure out how to conquer it. Struggle is a major factor of life, it is in books, at work, at school, on the web and even on the news. Consistently we are confronted with at any rate one sort of contention, or if nothing else witness one. Subsequently strife is unavoidable and consistently present in our ways as we develop from a baby to the day we die. Heroes from our preferred books experience various hardships as their excursion is spilled out onto the pages for us to peruse and picture their life. In the celebrated novel entitled The Rugmaker Of Mazar-E-Sharif composed by Najaf Mazari and Robert Hillman, shows the life of Najaf and how he experiences change various kinds of contention. The moving occasion of the loss of his dad to war, everlastingly damages Najaf. We as kids are first acquainted with our moms and fathers, making them be the nearest individuals we would have in our lives when we are first sent to kindergarten we cry and cry because of the missing warmth and adoring handle of our moms and fathers. Presently this is just for a day, envision not seeing one of your loved ones most for a mind-blowing remainder. That is the agony and loathsomeness Najaf experiences as he loses his dad. That doesnt prevent Najaf from remaining on his feet to take care of his family. until he faces the interior fight to choose if he ought to escape to Australia or remain back. Exhibiting that we face hardship in a steady progression. Making a perpetual cycle. All the pre-referenced occasions was brought about by one of the universes most prominent clash of various convictions, war. The continuous war has caused all the demolition for Najaf, compelling him to escape his country. This improves the factor of contention being inescapable and the progressing key piece of any people life. Destroying occasions can happen whenever of our lives. A case of this is the Victorian bushfires. Where you could be out with your family getting a charge out of the sweltering climate, and out of nowhere a goliath burst of fire is gotten by the breeze and encompasses you in issues of seconds. You are caught and keeping in mind that blinded by the smoke you hear your family shouting and whelping under the noisy snapping of bark and the characterizing blast. Before long you also are devoured by the mammoth burst of fire. It was unavoidable, you were uninformed of the occasion. Making misery and agony inside others. Demonstrating that one hardship prompts another. Making strife an interminable cycle inside our lives. The families who have lost individuals to the alarming Victorian bushfires has endured an insufferable and unbelievable misfortune. The departure of a friend or family member, Like Najaf and numerous others in our general public. The one occasion will keep on frequenting the lamenting people and families. They will recollect the ones they lost, they will continue replaying the recollections with them and treasure what they have deserted. This is the thing that contention now and then does to us. What's more, it will keep on skipping around our lives simply like the renowned line Justin Timberlake utilizes in one of his popular tunes. what comes around, circumvents which carries me to the following point. In continuum, Internal clash is one of the fundamental parts of hardship we face as people. Our diverse accepts covered with different convictions from the individuals we here and there call menaces. Since early on we can be presented to harassing. May it be outside on the oval, the play area or even inside. it is as yet something we face. t can extend from ridiculing to genuinely harming somebody. As people we like to have power however some of them take it to an unheard of level. where they will affront and hurt the individuals littler or more fragile only for their fulfillment of intensity. This at that point causes discouraging musings inside people, or even the endeavor of self destruction. Discouraging contemplations are brought about by harassing or a staggering occasion which at last lead to the judgment of one self. At the point when somebody thinks I am sufficiently bad or everybody loathes me yes it was most likely brought about by harassing yet it had kept on frequenting them to make interior clash. This is an extraordinary degree of inside clash. Another pre-referenced case of inside clash is as straightforward as picking what we need for lunch. Truly it might sound inept however we do have a smaller than usual mind war about what we need for lunch. eventually demonstrating that hardships are everlastingly in our lives and will keep on remaining in our lives. As people we face struggle any place we go. It is in books, at work, at school, on the web and even on the news. Eventually meaning it is a ubiquitous and a key piece of any people life. As such, clash is an ever-present and continuous part of people groups lives Najaf encounters the equivalent alarming agony of losing a friend or family member as the families from the Victorian shrubbery fires. Simultaneously they all face inward clash simply like a person that has encountered harassing, or an adolescent considering what to purchase for lunch from the school flask however to a more noteworthy level. Struggle is unavoidable. It is perpetually in our lives and will keep on forming us as people until we die.

Monday, August 17, 2020

Raise Your Credit Score by 50 Points with These Tips

Raise Your Credit Score by 50 Points with These Tips Want to Raise Your Credit Score by 50 Points? Here Are 4 Great  Tips Want to Raise Your Credit Score by 50 Points? Here Are 4 Great  TipsThese aren’t overnight solutions. But with a little planning and a lot of dedication, following this expert advice can help you rebuild your credit score. Having a bad credit score is kind of like having a serious nut allergy. People wouldn’t know it to look at you, but there are a whole bunch of things that this condition is holding you back from doing. With a nut allergy, it might be eating certain types of candy bars or a nice PBJ sandwich. With a bad credit score, it’s taking out a personal loan or a credit card that doesnt require a cash deposit. Either way, both these things put real limits on the kinds of decisions you can make. Luckily, while a nut allergy is something you’re pretty much stuck with, a bad credit score is something you can fix. For someone who has a mediocre credit scoreâ€"say it’s in the 670 rangeâ€"raising their credit score is pretty easy. But if you have bad credit, like a score that’s 630 or below, rebuilding your credit is going to take a lot more effort.But just because  its hard, doesn’t mean it isn’t worth doing. Your financial well-being is worth it. If you’re looking to raise your credit score by 50 points or more, here’s what you should do.1. Check your credit report and dispute any errors you findThis step is a lot like filling up your gas tank before going on a long car trip. It’s kind of a no-brainer, but its also absolutely necessary. Skip this step, and you’re not going to get very far at all. Jeff Hunter is the Editor  of  Simple. Thrifty. Living., a personal finance site. He says that “More than 42 million people in this country have errors on their credit report, and 10 million of those have errors that affect their credit score.” He recommends that you “Make sure you are regularly checking your credit report to make sure there are no mistakes  and that you haven’t been a victim of identity theft.” You can read more a bout identity theft in our post 3 Identity Theft Warning Signs. But who wants to spend money just to order a copy of your credit report? No one, that’s who. That’s why it’s so great that you won’t have to pay a dime!“You are entitled to one free credit report per year from each of the three major credit reporting bureaus, so you should be able to order one every four months,” says Krystal Rogers-Nelson, a freelance writer and contributing Safety Security Expert for  (@ASecureLife).“It wont affect your score as long as you order your credit report directly from the credit reporting agency or through an organization authorized to provide credit reports to consumers.”To order a free copy of your credit report, just visit 2. Make your payments on timeThere are five different categories of information that the FICO corporation uses to create your credit score. Of those five, the most important one  is your payment history. It m akes up a whopping 35 percent of your total score. “The most important thing to remember is to keep your credit report clean from here on out,” says Hunter. And if you’re serious about a clean report, paying your bills late is not an option.First, this will mean automating as many bills as you can. If you can outsource the hassle to an e-bill, then go ahead and do it. Just make sure that you check in at least once a month to make sure everything is going smoothly. Second, this will mean budgeting your money properly so that you always have the funds in your account when a bill comes due. An e-bill doesn’t do you much good if it’s zeroing out your account and racking up overdraft fees.(Just make sure that your zeal for on-time bill payment doesn’t lead you to take out a payday loan in order to make ends meet. The potential debt trap that awaits you just won’t be worth it.) When it comes to your credit score, improving your payment history is a bit of a long game. Most i nformation stays on your report for seven years, so it’ll take awhile for the old bad info to drop off.Don’t worry. though. The wait will be worth it. 3. Pay down your debt, and do it as aggressively as you canWhen it comes to fixing your credit score, Your Payment History and the Amount Owed categories make up 65 percent of your FICO Score calculation, so those are the categories you should focus on first,” says Rogers-Nelson. Paying down your debt is critical to improving your score, but it can also feel like one of the most overwhelming obstacles to good credit. That’s why you should start small. Going too big too fast is a surefire way to fail.“Make sure you are paying the minimum balances every month,” says Rodgers Nelson, “then make adjustments in your budget to increase your payments, even if its only $5 or $10 per month. If you can, start making two payments per month.”Once you get comfortable with your debt repayment, you can start getting more aggressive. R emember, the faster you pay down your debt, the faster you’ll see your score start to rise.A truly aggressive debt repayment plan is going to require three things: a strict budget, an extra source of income, and a plan. Luckily, these are all subjects we’ve written about before:If you need help starting a budget, try these five great budget apps  or check out  the OppLoans App Directory.To start earning some extra cash, read these six expert tips for getting your side hustle going, then peruse our list of 10 awesome side hustles for quick cash.Lastly, the two best debt repayment strategies out there are the Debt Snowball and Debt Avalanche methods. You can read about the Debt Snowball and the Debt Avalanche.4. Use your credit cards responsiblyAs you pay down your debt, it’s important that you try and use your remaining credit cards in a smart and strategic manner. “Credit cards can help you build your credit, but the key is to show that you can manage them responsibly,” sa ys Rodgers Nelson. “Keep your balances low on credit cardsset a limit for yourself on spending to make sure you are not going over budgetand pay your balance in full every month.” The unique thing about credit cards is that they carry a one-month grace period before interest starts to accrue on any purchases that have been made.  Paying off your credit card balance in full every month ensures that you’ll get all the card benefitslike points and rewardswithout paying any extra money.Basically, never spend money on your card that you don’t already have in your bank account. So long as you always have the money to pay off your balance you’ll never be in danger of racking up additional debt.  Rodgers-Nelson has some other great credit card tips:“Make sure youre not maxing out your credit limit every month; shoot for no more than 30% credit utilization ratio. 10% is even better. This means that if your credit limit is $2000, your spending would ideally be between $200 and $ 600 per month.”The great thing about your credit utilization ratio is that, as old credit card debt is paid off, you should start to see those old cards slip to levels where your score will be positively affected. Two last quick tips for raising your score“This may seem counterintuitive,” says Hunter, “but canceling credit cards actually lowers your credit score. Part of your credit score is based on how much credit you utilize (your credit utilization score), so the more credit you have available, the higher your credit score.Hunter has one last seemingly counter-intuitive tip: raising your credit limits. This is another way to try and improve your credit utilization ratio. Instead of only paying down the balances you already have, you could contact your credit card company and request that they raise your total credit limit. If you have a good history with the company, they’ll be pretty likely to agree!Don’t let your bad credit get you down. Instead, get serious about fixing it. Raising your credit score 50 points is totally doableeven if won’t happen overnight. Do you have a story about how you raised your credit score by 50 points or more? We’d love to hear about it! You can email us by  clicking here or you can let us know on Twitter at @OppLoans.Visit OppLoans on YouTube | Facebook | Twitter | LinkedINContributorsJeff  Hunter is the Editor of Simple. Thrifty. Living. (@simplethrifty) and is an avid believer in personal finance education, especially for children and young adults. He started his career as a business journalist, where he decided to focus on personal finance. Since then, he has focused his overall personal finance education on all things credit and savings. As Editor of Simple. Thrifty. Living, he feels he can reach everyday readers who have questions about smarter ways to handle their money.Krystal Rogers-Nelson is a freelance writer living in Salt Lake City, Utah. She is a contributing Safety Security Expert for ASecureLif, specializing in financial security, home security, and family safety. As a homeowner and mother, she is committed to empowering others with the knowledge and tools needed to live secure and comfortable lives at home and abroad.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

How Is Contribuer Conjugated in French

When to you want to say to contribute in French, use the verb  contribuer  (often misspelled contribuir). Due to its resemblance to the English word, its an easy one to remember. Youll also be happy to know that conjugating this verb is relatively simple as well. Conjugating the French Verb  Contribuer Contribuer  follows the common verb conjugation pattern of all regular -ER verbs. This means that once you learn the infinitive endings for this word, you can apply them to others like  comporter  (to consist of) and  blesser  (to hurt). The conjugations are pretty straightforward if you study the table. Simply match the subject pronoun with either the present, future, or imperfect past tense. For instance, I contribute is je contribue and we will contribute is nous contribuerons. Subject Present Future Imperfect je contribue contribuerai contribuais tu contribues contribueras contribuais il contribue contribuera contribuait nous contribuons contribuerons contribuions vous contribuez contribuerez contribuiez ils contribuent contribueront contribuaient The Present Participle of  Contribuer To form the  present participle, we simply add -ant  to the verb stem. This will form  contribuant, which is a verb, but may also be an adjective, gerund, or noun when needed. The Past Participle and Passà © Composà © The  passà © composà ©Ã‚  is a common way to say the past tense contributed in French. To use this, you must conjugate the  auxiliary verb  avoir  to match the subject, then attach the  past participle  contribuà ©. For example, I contributed becomes jai contribuà © and we contributed is nous avons contribuà ©. More Simple Contribuer  Conjugations There are a few other verb forms of  contribuer  that you may encounter or use. The subjunctive and conditional are used when the action of contributing is in some way questionable. The passà © simple and imperfect subjunctive are most often found in formal writing. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Pass Simple Imperfect Subjunctive je contribue contribuerais contribuai contribuasse tu contribues contribuerais contribuas contribuasses il contribue contribuerait contribua contribut nous contribuions contribuerions contribumes contribuassions vous contribuiez contribueriez contributes contribuassiez ils contribuent contribueraient contriburent contribuassent The imperative verb form is also quite useful for  contribuer. When using it, the subject pronoun is not required: use contribue rather than tu contribue. Imperative (tu) contribue (nous) contribuons (vous) contribuez

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Ecton-Individual Case Analysis - 1653 Words

1. How does the Ecton machine differ from the existing technology in the market? What characteristics/application does it have that are similar to that of conventional machine? What characteristics/applications are different? The existing ultrasound technology in cardiology was constantly focusing on improving image quality and providing better quantitative information to response to clinical demands, dreaming that one day it could substitute the expensive imaging techniques such as MRI. Some established companies had developed sophisticated edge detection algorithms that can obtain biomechanical characteristics of the heart; others had developed machines that have superior image quality or even worked on 3-dimensional†¦show more content†¦Therefore, established companies such as HP and Acuson were constantly pursuing sustaining technology to meet the clinical demands. The black arrow in the graph below shows the sustaining development that the established companies pursuing. However, Ecton did not follow the giant’s step. Instead, its goal was to develop a Doppler echocardiography instrument that was compact and easy to use for the alternative market such as the ICU and emergency room or even the customers in developing countries. The type of work Ecton performed can be described as disruptive technology as it has introduced a very different package that mainstream customers historically value. Ecton’s approach fulfilled the characteristics defined by the disruptive technology, as summaries below: Competes with the non-consumption create new value network or target the low end market segment—Ecton planned to introduce its machines in markets outside the traditional cardiology settings, such as ICU and outpatient clinics which can be considered as niche market at that point of time. In addition, customers in the developing nations who cannot afford the conventional echo machine are considered as low end market. Lower performance than the traditional product—Although Ecton’s machine can produce the same high quality image as the conventional machine, it offered fewer features and less versatility. Higher ancillary performance than the traditional product—As the conventional machine isShow MoreRelatedEcton Case1408 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Individual Case Study on echnology a Heartbeat Away: Ecton, Inc. How does the Ecton machine differ from the existing technology in the market? What characteristics/applications does it have that are similar to that of conventional machine? What characteristics/applications are different? a) Difference: Ecton machine is compact, portable and easy to use. Lower cost ($38,000, less than half the price of the low end full scale machines then on the market). Lower technical quality in mostRead MoreEcton Inc. Case Analysis1598 Words   |  7 Pagesa. Explain the technology or innovation introduced in the cases. Cannon knew that his compact echo machine, which he carried under his arm by a single handle, would have to perform competitively in a room filled with state-of-the-art echo machines made by long-standing competitors such as Hewlett Packard -- each machine weighing more than the average NFL linesman and costing nearly a quarter of a million dollars. To view the functioning of the heart, the face of the transducer, which wasRead MoreEcton Inc. Case Analysis Essay1572 Words   |  7 Pagesa. Explain the technology or innovation introduced in the cases. Cannon knew that his compact echo machine, which he carried under his arm by a single handle, would have to perform competitively in a room filled with state-of-the-art echo machines made by long-standing competitors such as Hewlett Packard -- each machine weighing more than the average NFL linesman and costing nearly a quarter of a million dollars. To view the functioning of the heart, the face of the transducer, which wasRead MoreCriticism of Fordes Claim on Benjamin Franklins Autobiography1629 Words   |  7 Pagesdistinct topics; 1) Wealth and Virtue, 2) Virtue of reasonableness, 3) the art of sociability. This essay will look into the succinct analysis of the first part of the autobiography using various sources from Benjamin Franklin to substantiate criticisms and arguments against Fordes claims. The paper will specifically center on the Benjamins Franklins wealth as an individual, and its connection with virtue. Wealth and virtue, to a given extent, were obtained by Benjamin, and in his autobiography; he

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Supply Chain Management for Manufacturing Industry Free Essays

The main objective is to know about the SCM of manufacturing industry to know we have analyses several topic are: †¢Supply chain is a network of all firms relationships that gat a product to market, including the original acquisition of raw materials; production of the item at a manufacturing facility; distribution to a retailer; sale of he finished item to the customer, and any installation, repair, or service activities that follow the sale. †¢ How to effectively manage the supply chain is a central issue for all levels of management, regardless of industry. †¢This workshop has been designed and tailored by Mr. We will write a custom essay sample on Supply Chain Management for Manufacturing Industry or any similar topic only for you Order Now Ejazur Rahman amassing his over a decade experience in working and managing the Supply chain function of a reputed global manufacturing and marketing organization. To know Successful supply chain management requires decisions. To know scm, competitive, sales and marketing strategies. Who should attend the programmed? Inventory management system of scm. How to achieve excellence in scm. Supply Chain Management for Manufacturing Industry Supply chain management (SCM) is the oversight of materials, information, and finances as they move in a process from supplier to manufacturer to wholesaler to retailer to consumer. Supply chain management involves coordinating and integrating these flows both within and among companies. It is said that the ultimate goal of any effective supply chain management system is to reduce inventory (with the assumption that products are available when needed). As a solution for successful supply chain management, sophisticated software systems with Web interfaces are competing with Web-based application service providers (ASP) who promise to provide part or all of the SCM service for companies who rent their service. Supply chain management flows can be divided into three main flows: †¢The product flow †¢The information flow The finances flow The product flow includes the movement of goods from a supplier to a customer, as well as any customer returns or service needs. The information flow involves transmitting orders and updating the status of delivery. The financial flow consists of credit terms, payment schedules, and consignment and title ownership arrangements. †¢1. Supply Chain Management – What and Why? †¢2. Objectives of a Supply Chain †¢3. Decision Phases in a Supply Chain †¢4. Process Views of a Supply Chain †¢5. Supply Chain Performance : Achieving Strategic Fit 6. Drivers of Supply Chain Performance †¢7. Designing the Supply Chain Network †¢8. Demand and Supply Planning in a Supply Chain †¢9. Planning and Managing Inventory †¢10. Designing and Planning Transportation Networks †¢11. Achieving Supply Chain Excellence in a manufacturing/service organization 1) Supply chain management what? Supply chain management (SCM) is the management of a network of interconnected businesses involved in the ultimate provision of product and service packages required by end customers (Harland, 1996 ). Supply Chain Management spans all movement and storage of raw materials, work-in-process inventory, and finished goods from point of origin to point of consumption (supply chain). – Supply chain management (SCM) is the oversight of materials, information, and finances as they move in a process from supplier to manufacturer to wholesaler to retailer to consumer. Supply chain management involves coordinating and integrating these flows both within and among companies. It is said that the ultimate goal of any effective supply chain management system is to reduce inventory (with the assumption that products are available when needed – Supply chain management (SCM) is the oversight of materials, information, and finances as they move in a process from supplier to manufacturer to wholesaler to retailer to consumer. Supply chain management involves coordinating and integrating these flows both within and among companies. It is said that the ultimate goal of any effective supply chain management system is to reduce inventory (with the assumption that products are available when needed). As a solution for successful supply chain management, sophisticated software systems with Web interfacervice for companies who rent their service. Why supply chain management The definition, put forward by an American professional association, is that Supply Chain Management encompasses the planning and management of all activities involved in sourcing, procurement, conversion, and logistics management activities. It also includes the crucial components of coordination and collaboration with channel partners, which can be suppliers, intermediaries, third-party service providers, and customers. In essence, Supply Chain Management integrates supply and demand management within and across companies. More recently, the loosely coupled, self-organizing network of businesses that cooperates to provide product and service offerings has been called the Extended Enterprise. [1] Supply Chain Management can also refer to Supply chain management software which are tools or modules used in executing supply chain transactions, managing supplier relationships and controlling associated business processes. Supply chain event management (abbreviated as SCEM) is a consideration of all possible occurring events and factors that can cause a disruption in a supply chain. With SCEM possible scenarios can be created and solutions can be planned. functions Supply chain management is a cross-function approach to manage the movement of raw materials into an organization, certain aspects of the internal processing of materials into finished goods, and then the movement of finished goods out of the organization toward the end-consumer. As organizations strive to focus on core competencies and becoming more flexible, they have reduced their ownership of raw materials sources and distribution channels. These functions are increasingly being outsourced to other entities that can perform the activities better or more cost effectively. The effect is to increase the number of organizations involved in satisfying customer demand, while reducing management control of daily logistics operations. Less control and more supply chain partners led to the creation of supply chain management concepts. The purpose of supply chain management is to improve trust and collaboration among supply chain partners, thus improving inventory visibility and improving inventory velocity. Several models have been proposed for understanding the activities required to manage material movements across organizational and functional boundaries. SCOR is a supply chain management model promoted by the Supply Chain Council. Another model is the SCM Model proposed by the Global Supply Chain Forum (GSCF). Supply chain activities can be grouped into strategic, tactical, and operational levels of activities. Strategic Strategic network optimisation, including the number, location, and size of warehousing, distribution centers, and facilities †¢Strategic partnership with suppliers, distributors, and customers, creating communication channels for critical information and operational improvements such as cross docking, direct shipping, and third-party logistics †¢Product life cycle management, so tha t new and existing products can be optimally integrated into the supply chain and capacity management †¢Information Technology infrastructure, to support supply chain operations †¢Where-to-make and what-to-make-or-buy decisions Aligning overall organizational strategy with supply strategy Tactical †¢Sourcing contracts and other purchasing decisions. †¢Production decisions, including contracting, scheduling, and planning process definition. †¢Inventory decisions, including quantity, location, and quality of inventory. †¢Transportation strategy, including frequency, routes, and contracting. †¢[Benchmarking] of all operations against competitors and implementation of best practices throughout the enterprise. †¢Milestone payments †¢Focus on customer demand. Operational Daily production and distribution planning, including all nodes in the supply chain. †¢Production scheduling for each manufacturing facility in the supply chain (minute by minute). †¢Demand planning and forecasting, coordinating the demand forecast of all customers and sharing the forecast with all suppliers. †¢Sourcing planning, including current inventory and forecast demand, in collaboration with all suppliers. †¢Inbound operations, including transportation from suppliers and receiving inventory. †¢Production operations, including the consumption of materials and flow of finished goods. Outbound operations, including all fulfillment activities, warehousing and transportation to customers. †¢Order promising, accounting for all constraints in the supply chain, including all suppliers, manufacturing facilities, distribution centers, and other customers. 2)The Objective of a Supply Cha in The objective of every supply chain is to maximize the overall value generated. The value a supply chain generates is the difference between what the final product is worth to the customer and the effort the supply chain expends in filling the customer’s request. For most commercial supply chains, value will be strongly correlated with supply chain profitability, the difference between the revenue generated from the customer and the overall cost across the supply chain. For example, a customer purchasing a computer from Dell pays $2,000, which represents the revenue the supply chain receives. Dell and other stages of the supply chain incur costs to convey information, produce components, store them, transport them, transfer funds, and so on. The difference between the $2,000 that the customer paid and the sum of all costs incurred by the supply chain to produce and distribute the computer represents the supply chain profitability. Supply chain profitability is the total profit to be shared across all supply chain stages. The higher the supply chain profitability, the more successful the supply chain. Supply chain success should be measured in terms of supply chain profitability and not in terms of the profits at an individual stage. Having defined the success of a supply chain in terms of supply chain rofitability, the next logical step is to look for sources of revenue and cost. For any supply chain, there is only one source of revenue: the customer. At Wal-Mart, a customer purchasing detergent is the only one providing positive cash flow for the supply chain. All other cash flows are simply fund exchanges that occur within the supply chain given that different stages have different owners. When Wal-Mart pays its suppli er, it is taking a portion of the funds the customer provides and passing that money on to the supplier. All flows of information, product, or funds generate costs within the supply chain. Thus, the appropriate management of these flows is a key to supply chain success. Supply chain management involves the management of flows between and among stage sin a supply chain to maximize total supply chain profitability. 3) Decision Phases In a Supply Chain Successful supply chain management requires many decisions relating to the flow of information, product, and funds. These decisions fall into three categories or phases, depending on the frequency of each decision and the time frame over which a decision phase has an impact. 1. Supply chain strategy or design: During this phase, a company decides how to structure the supply chain over the next several years. It decides what the chain’s configuration will be, how resources will be allocated, and what processes each stage will perform. Strategic decisions made by companies include the location and capacities of production and warehouse facilities, the products to be manufactured or stored at various locations, the modes of transportation to be made available along different shipping legs, and the type of information system to be utilized. A firm must ensure that the supply chain configuration supports its strategic objectives during this phase. Dell’s decisions regarding the location and capacity of its manufacturing facilities, warehouses, and supply courses are all supply chain design or strategic decisions. Supply chain design decisions are typically made for the long term (a matter of years) and are very expensive to alter on short notice. Consequently, when companies make these decisions, they must take into account uncertainty in anticipated market conditions over the next few years. 2. Supply chain planning: For decisions made during his phase, the time frame considered is a quarter to a year. Therefore, the supply chain’s configuration determined in the strategic phase is fixed. The configuration establishes constraints within which planning must be done. Companies start the planning phase with a forecast for the coming year (or a comparable time frame) of demand in different markets. Planning in cludes decisions regarding which markets will be supplied from which locations, the subcontracting of manufacturing, the inventory policies to be followed, and the timing and size of marketing promotions. Dell’s decisions regarding markets a given production facility will supply and target production quantities at different locations are classified as planning decisions. Planning establishes parameters within which a supply chain will function over a specified period of time. In the planning phase, companies must include uncertainty in demand, exchange rates, and competition over this time horizon in their decisions. Given a shorter time horizon and better forecasts than the design phase, companies in the planning phase try to incorporate any flexibility built into the supply chain in the design phase and exploit it to optimize performance. As a result of the planning phase, companies define a set of operating policies that govern short-term operations. 3. Supply chain operation: The time horizon here is weekly or daily, and during this phase companies make decisions regarding individual customer orders. At the operational level, supply chain configuration is considered fixed and planning policies are already defined. The goal of supply chain operations is to handle incoming customer orders in the best possible manner. During this phase, firms allocate inventory or production to individual orders, set a date that an order is to be filled, generate pick lists at a warehouse, allocate an order to a particular shipping mode and shipment, set delivery schedules of trucks, and place replenishment orders. Because operational decisions are being made in the short term (minutes, hours, or days), there is less uncertainty about demand information. Given the constraints established by the configuration and planning policies, the goal during the operation phase is to exploit the reduction of uncertainty and optimize performance. The design, planning, and operation of a supply chain have a strong impact on overall profitability and success. Continuing with our example, consider Dell Computer. In the early 1990s, Dell management began to focus on improving the improved performance. Both profitability and the stock price have soared and Dell stock has had outstanding returns over this period. 4)Supply Chain Process Platform The winners in fiercely competitive markets create agile and efficient business processes, supported by flexible, reliable and cost-effective technology. When your market position depends on your supply chain, you need processes and solutions that work together seamlessly to provide the information and automate the activities you need to operate most effectively. All of Manhattan Associates’ solutions operate on a common Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) platform, to maximize the value of your technology investment. With Manhattan Associates’ Supply Chain Process Platform, you can easily integrate any or all of our applications into your existing systems or add new solutions from our suite of products. That means dramatic reductions in complexity and faster implementation whenever you need new functionality. With shared master and transaction databases, data capture management (such as voice and RFID) and a real-time alert system that operates across all Manhattan Associates’ solutions, the Supply Chain Process Platform provides a safeguard that flags any inconsistency in your data, ensuring a safe implementation and continued smooth operation. Our Supply Chain Process Platform offers flexibility, scalability and supportability to meet the requirements of the most complex supply chains for the most demanding companies. The Manhattan Supply Chain Process Platform: †¢Makes customizing your solutions to meet your business requirements easier than ever †¢Simplifies adding new functionalities or incorporating technical innovations †¢Provides a shared platform for collecting, managing, distributing and acting on information and events that flow through the supply chain †¢Ensures that solutions are robust, scalable, resilient and consistent across all components. Uniting the Platform Applications for Maximum Value The Supply Chain Process Platform provides a foundation for all Manhattan platform applications: †¢Supply Chain Intelligence: With easy-to-read reports presenting powerful analytics, you can monitor the performance of your suppliers, carriers, customers and employees from one intuitive dashboard. †¢Supply Chain Visibility: See a single, consistent, real-time view of your entire global supply chain. †¢Supply Chain Event Management: Receive notification of all supply chain events as they occur and respond immediately across your full supply chain. 5) Supply Chain Performance : Achieving Strategic Fit Competitive strategy: defines the set of customer needs a firm seeks to satisfy through its products and services ? Product development strategy: specifies the portfolio of new products that the company will try to develop ? Marketing and sales strategy: specifies how the market will be segmented and product positioned, priced, and promoted ? Supply chain strategy: – determines the nature of material procurement, transportation of materials, manufacture of product or creation of service, distribution of product –Consistency and support between supply chain strategy, competitive strategy, and other functional strategies is important Achieving Strategic Fit(1/2) ? How is strategic fit achieved? ? Other issues affecting strategic fit How is Strategic Fit Achieved? ? Step 1: Understanding the customer and supply chain uncertainty ? Step 2: Understanding the supply chain ? Step 3: Achieving strategic fit Step 1: Understanding the Customer and Supply Chain Uncertainty (1/3) ? Identify the needs of the customer segment being served ? Quantity of product needed in each lot ? Response time customers will tolerate ? Variety of products needed ? Service level required ? Price of the product ? Desired rate of innovation in the product Overall attribute of customer demand ? Demand uncertainty: uncertainty of customer demand for a product ? Implied demand uncertainty: resulting uncertainty for the supply chain given the portion of the demand the supply chain must handle and attributes the customer desires ? Implied demand uncertainty also related to customer needs and product attributes ? First step to strategic fit is to un derstand customers by mapping their demand on the implied uncertainty spectrum Step 2: Understanding the Supply Chain (1/2) ? How does the firm best meet demand? ? Dimension describing the supply chain is supply chain responsiveness Supply chain responsiveness — ability to –respond to wide ranges of quantities demanded –meet short lead times –handle a large variety of products –build highly innovative products –meet a very high service level ? There is a cost to achieving responsiveness ? Supply chain efficiency: cost of making and delivering the product to the customer ? Increasing responsiveness results in higher costs that lower efficiency ? Figure 2. 3: cost-responsiveness efficient frontier ? Figure 2. 4: supply chain responsiveness spectrum ? Second step to achieving strategic fit is to map the supply chain on the responsiveness spectrum Step 3: Achieving Strategic Fit ? Step is to ensure that what the supply chain does well is consistent with target customer’s needs Other Issues Affecting Strategic Fit ?Multiple products and customer segments ? Product life cycle ? Competitive changes over time 6)Drivers of Supply Chain Performance Supply chains are becoming increasingly global and ever more complex, as organizations try to support strategic management practices such as entering new markets, increasing the pace of new product introductions, improving the reliability and speed of order fulfillment . . . all the while trying to lower supply chain costs. For organizations to work closely with their suppliers, logistics providers, distributors and retailers, their supply chains must be streamlined and technology-enabled. However, organizations that want to streamline their supply chains must first understand what is working well, what is not and where the opportunities for improvement are. These companies need to have a way to measure the performance of their supply chain on an ongoing basis. Traditional approaches of measuring supply chain performance — scorecards, dashboards and reports showing supply chain metrics — suffer from three shortcomings: 1) They are not linked to strategy. ) They have a silo approach. 3) They have a flat hierarchy. Let’s examine each of these shortcomings more closely. They are not linked to strategy. It can be difficult to see how a supply chain metric affects your overall objectives. If the metric is trending in the wrong direction, which aspect of your supply chain strategy will be affected? Without a framework that links each metric to a certain element of strategy, the context behind a metric can get lost. When such context is missing, it becomes a challenge for organizations (large ones in particular) to get everyone to see the common vision. Next-generation Supply Chain Performance Management (SCPM) systems will need to be able to show the link between any metric and the element of strategy it impacts. They have a silo approach. Current supply chain analytics solutions do a good job of showing the performance of metrics for individual departments, such as cost per unit purchased, percentage of on-time supplier shipment for the procurement department, or set-up times, capacity utilization and percentage of scrap for the plant. However, this type of silo approach sacrifices the overall process and end goals in the interest of improving the performance of an individual department. As a result, functional silos are reinforced within the organization. The key is to measure the performance of overall business process in such a way that poor performance of a departmental metric could be overlooked in the interest of increasing the overall business process performance. To achieve this, next-generation Supply Chain Performance Management systems will need to do more than show departmental metrics – they need to have a process orientation. They have a flat hierarchy. The metrics that help you measure the overall performance of your supply chain are not standalone — they are related to each other, sometimes in a hierarchical fashion. Such relationships help you drill down and better understand root cause more effectively. For example, if a hierarchical relationship were developed between outbound shipment cost metric and those metrics that affect shipment costs, your system will tell you that outbound shipment costs are trending up despite the carrier rates trending down due to lower fuel costs, because your express freight shipments in a certain division are up significantly month over month. However, most current supply chain analytics have no way to define such relationships. Next-generation Supply Chain Performance Management systems of tomorrow will need to be able to define and show relationships between metrics. What supply chain performance management systems must include All these issues need to be addressed by next-generation Supply Chain Performance Management systems. Such systems should include three capabilities: an analytics framework; a process orientation; and linkages. Analytics framework. The ideal SCPM system should allow a user to define a complete framework for supply chain analytics. This framework should include: †¢overall supply chain objectives; †¢the top-line metrics that affect the objective; †¢the description, targets and acceptable range for each metric; and †¢a list of reports where the metric can be found. 7. Designing the Supply Chain Network Overview In today’s volatile business environment, many companies are expanding, merging, contracting, or otherwise redesigning their supply chain networks. Here learner applications of optimization models to the analysis of these network design problems. Modeling concepts are reviewed as well as practical methods for data gathering and validation, model implementation, and scenario construction. New applications will be presented including network design models to plan for new products, to manage production and inventories of products with short shelf lives, to select vendor contracts, and to control CO2 emissions. Several case studies will be presented along with discussions of network design problems faced by course attendees. Who Should Attend This program is intended for: †¢Managers and analysts responsible for network design decision-making †¢Managers and analysts responsible for acquiring or developing, and applying data-driven modeling systems to support network design decision-making †¢Consultants who direct or participate in network design studies †¢Academics who teach supply chain subjects to students in management and engineering Participants will not need advanced analytical skills to fully absorb material presented in the program. )DEMAND AND SUPPLY PLANNING IN SCM SCM facechallenges to people at manufacturing companies who need to gauge customer demand and respond to changes in demand, even when they take place at a moment’s notice. Manufacturers’ responsiveness and agility in the areas of sales and operations planning (S;OP) and demand management—the two major parts of supply chain planning—are still hampered by cumbersome, static processes. Comm on problems include: †¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¢Lack of real-time, robust, and actionable data. †¢Lack of integration among financial, operating, sales, and marketing plans. †¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¢Inability of people to share information and documents. †¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¢Poor analytical capabilities and collaborative planning environments. †¢Ã¢â‚¬ ¢Lack of alert and monitoring capabilities. Solutions Supply Chain Demand and Supply Planning solutions from Microsoft and its partner ecosystem help manufacturers change the way they manage their supply chains to become more demand-driven, adaptive, and responsive. By improving people’s visibility into customer demand and supplier capabilities, these solutions create an environment that enables real-time decisions about manufacturing activity, which can lower inventory while improving customer service. Demand management solutions offer real-time demand management business processes, delivered with an integrated business intelligence and collaboration framework, to empower people with collaboration and analytic capabilities. Sales and operations planning (SOP) solutions, which include connected systems, process workflows, event management, and live communication, offer collaboration, analysis, integration, workflow, and monitoring functionality throughout all phases of a manufacturer’s S;OP workflow—beginning with the baseline forecast created by people in the manufacturer’s sales and marketing departments, all the way through the forecast for a specific customer, the creation of a consensus forecast, supply planning, resolution and exception processes, approval and budgeting, sales allocations, order promising, and communication with the manufacturer’s production facilities. Infor Supply Chain Management is a global solution with implementations at over 1,600 customer sites in 40 countries. Backed by domain experts who know supply chain management and the challenges you face, our supply chain planning and execution solutions comprise the following key components: Strategic Ne twork Design —modeling and optimization tools for determining the most effective number, location, size, and capacity of facilities to meet customer service goals; time-phased tactical planning for determining where and when to make, buy, store, and move product through the network. Demand Planning —forecasting tools, web-based collaboration interface, and sales and operations reporting and metrics that help companies predict and shape customer demand with greater accuracy. Distribution Planning —inventory analysis and time-variable stock target calculations for ensuring the optimal balance between service levels and inventory investment; synchronized replenishment plans for all network points right back to manufacturing and supplier sources for better visibility. Manufacturing Planning —constraint-based advanced planning system for engineering, assembly, and repetitive manufacturing environments; similar tools for process manufacturers. Production Scheduling —finite capacity scheduling for engineering, assembly, and repetitive environments, as well as batch-process production facilities. Transportation and Logistics Planning —transportation planning, transportation procurement, route planning, transportation management, small parcel shipping, and international trade logistics for global, multi-modal operations. Warehouse Management System —end-to-end fulfillment and distribution including inventory, labor, and work and task management, as well as cross-docking, value-added services, yard management, multiple inventory ownership and billing/invoicing, and voice-directed distribution. RFID —comprehensive RFID-enablement framework delivering business value through process optimization for manufacturers and other companies, as well as compliance solutions for retail, pharmaceuticals, the US Department of Defense, and others. Event Management —proactive, real-time exception management technology for detecting conditional change anywhere in the supply chain and communicating it instantly for resolution. 9)Planning and managing inventory By Curt Barry Inventory is most likely the largest balance sheet asset in your company. How well you plan, purchase, and manage your inventory largely determines your level of customer service and profits. But selling goods in multiple channels means dealing with channel-specific planning and inventory needs. Planning and inventory systems In most companies, the systems for merchandise planning and inventory control remain highly fragmented by channel. For promotional planning, many multichannel companies need to be more diligent and use a single promotional calendar rather than channel-specific schedules on which merchandise planning is based. These should include in-store promotions, catalogs, and e-mail campaigns. Internet inventory management philosophies are slowly evolving in most companies. Traditional catalogers now average more than 50% of sales from the Internet, although much of that business is generated by receipt of the catalog. Products may be active and available longer if there is stock. What sells online is heavily influenced by placement on landing pages and organization and ranking within category product searches. The online product assortment can be more extensive than that in a single catalog. Internet may have a total chain assortment different from any one store or region. The Website may have a clearance or liquidation aspect. These principles of planning and managing inventory are not industry established best practices, but are being hammered out in the trenches every day. From a purchasing perspective, companies are rolling multiple channel plans and forecasts together into a single purchase order management system to write Pos. When will there be true integrated systems for planning and inventory systems? For most companies, not any time soon. Retail and direct channels have different data needs and processes. It will probably be a few years before commercial software companies that cater to retail and direct have the most basic of systems in place. MICROS Retail, Direct Tech, and Manhattan Associates all have development projects to bring channels together in terms of planning and inventory systems. Channel Inventory – a distribution view With all the complexities of planning and inventory control, how are distribution centers accommodating the channels? When multichannel marketing was in its infancy more than a decade ago, the prevalent thinking was to have a single DC that would process both direct and retail replenishment orders. There would be one pooled inventory, one staff and one facility — end of discussion. But logistics thinking is changing. But to accomplish this, they have the additional overhead of multiple facilities and staffing, and their warehouse management and order management must be capable of managing multiple inventories and allocating and filling orders. As e-commerce in retail companies has grown substantially, logistics management has come to realize that picking, packing, and shipping of small orders is very different from full-carton replenishment to stores. With large volumes it may prove to be more efficient to have dedicated centers for direct. Another of the real drivers behind this shift is the realization that without having separate sales and stock plans, there is no accountability by business units to make their sales plans. So if the first unit to allocate inventory gets the stock, then there may not be inventory for later drops of a catalog, e-mail campaigns, initial stocks to open stores, etc. Other companies use a â€Å"virtual inventory† concept, not in the sense of drop-shipping, but of the inventory system being able to keep planned sales by product and SKU by channel, and being able to reserve inventory for the channel business unit. Importing’s effect Where we source product is also changing how we can plan and manage it. Much of the multichannel world relies on imported product. Even if you buy from a domestic distributor, chances are that merchandise is imported. Additionally, companies may not be looking at a fully loaded product cost including agent’s/broker’s fees, demurrage, duty rate, product development costs, and buyer’s travel. Couple that with warehouse storage space requirements for container size receipts and the inventory carrying costs. All of this leads to higher inventory and carrying costs and slower turnover. What to do about it? †¢Use mixed container loading, where appropriate. †¢Weigh the increase in per unit cost to take smaller quantities. †¢Move the entire merchandise and creative planning calendar for promotions back and do each season earlier (no easy task). †¢Challenge merchants to look Stateside to try to get the product with smaller quantities, or to develop product in the U. S. and later roll it out off-shore if it sells. †¢Tackle the issue of ccounting for all the product costs to be sure you have an accurate, fully loaded cost and sufficient initial markup without bei ng overstocked. Liquidating overstocks Inventory that doesn’t sell and liquidation are two dreaded aspects to merchandising. Because you have to take in larger imported orders and distribute to more channels, you need a cost effective strategy for in-season liquidation and clearance. In a cost-based system it’s hard to determine how much gross margin is lost in marking down retail prices. Our experience is that it may represent 2% to 4% of net sales at least. What to do about it? †¢Develop a liquidation strategy. Options include clearance catalogs, Web specials, bind-in or package inserts, sales pages, and telephone offers. Develop a report showing candidates for liquidation based on rate of sale. †¢Develop an age of inventory report that will age products in time brackets (30 days, etc. ) to stay on top of inventory. transportation, importing, retail versus direct packaging, technology used in the supply chain and DCs, etc. All this necessitates setting stan dards with vendors so that you aren’t working on an exception basis with every one. Vendor compliance and supply chain In most multichannel businesses the size of the product assortment and vendor base have grown dramatically. Supply chains have become increasingly complex with modes of vendor compliance is at the heart of efficient supply chain management. Routing inbound shipments to reduce costs and scheduling inbound appointments can help speed product flow through the DC, significantly helping in turn to reduce inventory levels. Automating the supply chain through advanced shipping notifications (ASNs), RFID, and cross-docking to stores can go a long way toward reducing costs, but these cannot be implemented without a comprehensive vendor compliance policy. Start small by communicating your company vision, the need for on-time delivery, routing guides, inbound dock standards like carton labeling, product specifications, accounting and paperwork requirements, contact list, and the costs of back orders. Begin a charge-back policy and implement it with your largest vendors. Later, you can add other items that are typically included, such as service level standards, packaging, labeling, case labeling, valued and value-added services, logistical requirements, scheduling appointments, cross-docking and direct-to-store requirements, charge back for non-compliance, etc. The trend is to push compliance back up the supply chain. This means as many value-added services as possible — packaging, marking, quality inspections — performed by vendors or merchant reps in factories. Catching errors at the source and using source-based services speeds inventory flow, and any such issues are cheaper to deal with in the vendor’s environment. 10)ACHIEVING SCM EXCELLENCE A new survey reveals what separates manufacturing industry leaders from laggards IT HAS BEEN several years since a comprehensive and independent survey of the state of supply chain management (SCM) in the paper manufacturing industry has been carried out. A lot has happened both in the industry and in the field of SCM during this time. Moderator Consulting carried out an extensive survey during July-October 2005 to see where we stand today. Altogether 11 European paper companies participated in the survey, which covered issues such as SCM strategy, process and management models, reporting systems, managing customer relationships, efficient operations, people and supporting systems and future plans. The respondents covered all the main product groups in nine European countries. The results of individual companies were obviously kept strictly confidential. Common terminology and definitions were used in the survey to ensure common understanding of the questions and issues. The results provide a good cross-section of the industry performance and challenges. Besides being a major cost and working capital factor, SCM can also be considered a source of significant competitive edge. Some of the findings are listed below. 1. Nearly half the respondents still need to develop more robust SCM strategies. While all companies said they have an SCM strategy, the content, communication and integration into overall business strategy in many cases leaves much to be desired. For instance, some companies had no logistics provider strategy or did not include development of cost factors. 2. The industry has clearly been moving toward a more integrated management structure. Most SCM-related decisions, such as strategy, demand planning and vendor and location management are nowadays made at corporate / business area levels, with sales companies and mills mostly in an execution role (Figure 1). However, even though management structures are more integrated, several companies have yet to adopt more of a process approach, with the processes and their ownerships defined. Systems for monitoring key performance indicators (KPIs) seem nowadays to be at a reasonably good level in nearly all the respondent companies. 3. The outsourcing process appears to be complete. The dominant logistics management mode is nowadays clearly â€Å"preferred partnerships† – on average 60%, and covering the whole infrastructure. Interestingly although â€Å"preferred partnerships† was stated as the dominant transport mode, respondents still had between 50 and 100 regular haulage â€Å"partners† in use on average. This may indicate room for some further consolidation. IT systems management is the exception to the outsourcing rule: very few companies have outsourced this aspect of their operations. 4. Many companies still need to segment their customers and define corresponding service levels for each customer or customer group. This may mean that these companies are offering the same service, such as dedicated stocks or a 24 hr/ single pallet delivery – with corresponding costs – to all or most of their customers. This can hardly be optimal from a cost-to-serve viewpoint, unless price supplements are enforced. However, customers rarely accept such surcharges nowadays. 5. Surprisingly few customers participate in the demand planning processes (only five to 10 on average). Participation in this context means active involvement and, considering the industry’s forecasting challenges this may offer an improvement in some industry segments. Transaction automation with customers and logistics providers also offers big potential: only 10-20% and 50% respectively said they currently transact electronically. More standardization is needed. 6. Most companies seem quite satisfied with their IT systems. On a scale of one (very dissatisfied) to five (very satisfied), a clear majority of the companies gave a mark of four for most of their systems, such as mill execution, sales and distribution and data warehousing. The substantial investments in IT systems over recent years appear to have paid off in a number of cases. 7. Most companies were satisfied with both the number and caliber of their SCM personnel. Main training requirements were focused on customer relations issues. 8. Future development needs to be carefully planned. As generic future goals, most respondents stated that their main focuses are on cost and inventory reductions, as well as on improving customer service. Improved internal integration and process management was also listed as a priority generic target. However, these may be conflicting targets, unless planned carefully. More specifically, the respondents were asked to prioritize a list of 14 specific SCM initiatives provided, based on their planned implementation in the next three years initiatives included issues such as RFID, vendor managed inventory (VMI), activity based costing, harmonization of IT infrastructure, e-commmerce with logistics providers and offering outsourcing capabilities to customers. The clear â€Å"winners† were VMI, e-commerce projects and collaborative planning, forecasting and replenishment (CPFR) following close behind. These are huge undertakings with significant risks, resource and planning requirements. However, the companies that successfully implement them would take their supply chain to an entirely new level of sophistication, responsiveness, efficiency and transparency. Finally,The industry has been moving toward a more integrated and customer-centric management approach. Industry and customer consolidation are the most likely reasons for this. IT systems and performance monitoring finally appear to be in good shape in most companies. This is a good basis for future development, even though many companies revealed some worrying weaknesses in a number of critical areas and are clearly lagging behind the leaders. The leading companies – based on this survey – can best be characterized as having a clear, comprehensive and well-communicated SCM strategy. They also have an integrated management structure and KPI monitoring in place; processes are defined in detail; service/cost tradeoffs are optimized; logistics partners are managed efficiently; they have implemented wellfunctioning IT systems; and have competent and well trained people, all of which are reflected also in their costs and performance. Is this just good, basic management? Easy to say, much more difficult to accomplish in real life! Furthermore, the leaders have ambitious plans for the future – especially in areas involving their customers. These companies are clearly outperforming their peers and they are well positioned to increase their competitive edge by efficiently and intelligently serving their customers. How to cite Supply Chain Management for Manufacturing Industry, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Forensic Data Analysis & Recovery

Questions: 1.Writing Report Outlining the OS that the Employee may be using, Formulate Interview Questions that may Help you to Recover data, and Highlight the Possibility of Data Recovery? 2.Research Project on Investigation Management and Data validation Methods? Answers: 1.Case Project The process of reading the unreadable sectors from the secondary storage and recovering the required files for the evidence purposes is known as the Digital Forensics. There are number of software that are available in the market that gives you recovery success up to 80-95% of cases even after the severe damage to the Hard disk structure has happen. After receiving the call from the employee that she has deleted the important files accidentally and was unable to recover the files from the recycle bin. The situation being very common hence there are number of special tools available to recover the files efficiently but it depends upon the various factors, in order to clear out the doubts, few questions are needed to be asked from the employee for suggestion of optimal recovery: OS on which employee is working? Files deleted with names and their approximated size? Hard disk partition Size? Days passed since deletion? If the data partition from which files have been deleted is encrypted or not? The time taken to recovery from these special tools is generally quite low but it depends on various factors: Size of the partition Size of file Operating system of recovery Physical error on disk Large file size need better CPU for optimal solutions There are number of solutions available in the market, few of the best have been listed below: Paragon Rescue Kit EaseUS recovery software GetDataBack for NTFS and FAT GetDataBack is recommended because of simple user interface and large types of partition support. 2.Research Project The branch of computer science that deals with the evidence collection, recovery, authorization, and validation is known as digital forensic. The major goal being the collection of evidences in the manner that can be presented in the court of law. Though the digital forensics is used on crimes committed digitally but many a times it is being used in criminal based cases as well. The acceptance of standardly acquired digital evidences are more widely accepted by US and European courts. It was only in 21st century that standards came into place for collecting digital evidences before that there were no set procedures and standards available in the 19th century. The data recovered from the devices under investigations the data is recovered and stored on external sources, but since these are evidences we need to make sure they are the exact copy as well as no alteration made to original source we use SHA-1 hashing digest, it enables us to maintain the chain or custody and helps in finding out in case the alteration of records have taken place. With the rising trends of being mobile, smart phone have hit everyone like a storm and now we have millions of these device, which can act as potential cyber-crime device, the data or evidence recovery from such devices is quite a tedious process. With the increase in compression rate and their respective algorithm the data can be stored in compressed format and retrieved to original size and properties when needed and that can be easily verified using the SHA-1 and make sure nothing has changed and evidence are fool proof. References Forensic Data Analysis Recovery | Kroll. (2017) Retrieved 12 April 2017, from Forensic Toolkit FTK Imager Free Download - ALL PC World. (2017).ALL PC World. Retrieved 12 April 2017, from Can Intelligence Agencies Read Overwritten Data?. (2017) Retrieved 12 April 2017, from Data Recovery Software Products - Runtime Software Products. (2017) Retrieved 12 April 2017, from